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Res Vet Sci. 1989 Jan;46(1):9-14.

Transmission of foot-and-mouth disease by vaccinated cattle following natural challenge.

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Agricultural and Food Research Council, Institute for Animal Disease Research, Pirbright Laboratory, Woking Surrey.


Cattle vaccinated with a conventional monovalent type O1 foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) vaccine were challenged between four and 21 days after vaccination by short-term exposure to homologous airborne virus produced by pigs. Transmission was then assessed by housing susceptible cattle with the vaccinated animals and testing and observing all the animals for signs of infection and clinical disease. All 18 cattle vaccinated three weeks before challenge resisted clinical disease and although four contracted subclinical infection, there was no transmission to susceptible cattle in contact. One of the two groups of cattle vaccinated two weeks previously transmitted subclinical infection, but not disease, to susceptible animals housed with them from day 0 after challenge. Subclinical infection was manifested by a transient viraemia which was not followed by a detectable circulating antibody response. Shorter periods (seven or four days) from vaccination to challenge resulted in transmission of disease from clinically normal vaccinated to in-contact animals in one of two experiments. The severe challenge presented by the diseased in-contact animals than overwhelmed the immunity of the vaccinated animals. The results indicate that during emergency vaccination programmes it is advisable to vaccinate all FMD-susceptible animals within the vaccination zone and that at the outer boundary of the zone vaccinated animals should be kept separated from unvaccinated animals for at least three weeks.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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