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Biochemistry. 2015 Jan 20;54(2):171-83. doi: 10.1021/bi501089x. Epub 2014 Dec 30.

Clocks in algae.

Author information

1
SynthSys and School of Biological Sciences, University of Edinburgh , Edinburgh EH9 3BF, United Kingdom.

Abstract

As major contributors to global oxygen levels and producers of fatty acids, carotenoids, sterols, and phycocolloids, algae have significant ecological and commercial roles. Early algal models have contributed much to our understanding of circadian clocks at physiological and biochemical levels. The genetic and molecular approaches that identified clock components in other taxa have not been as widely applied to algae. We review results from seven species: the chlorophytes Chlamydomonas reinhardtii, Ostreococcus tauri, and Acetabularia spp.; the dinoflagellates Lingulodinium polyedrum and Symbiodinium spp.; the euglenozoa Euglena gracilis; and the red alga Cyanidioschyzon merolae. The relative simplicity, experimental tractability, and ecological and evolutionary diversity of algal systems may now make them particularly useful in integrating quantitative data from "omic" technologies (e.g., genomics, transcriptomics, metabolomics, and proteomics) with computational and mathematical methods.

PMID:
25379817
DOI:
10.1021/bi501089x
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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