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J Fam Soc Work. 2011;14(4):284-297.

Predictors of Parenting and Infant Outcomes for Impoverished Adolescent Parents.

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University of New Haven.
Yale University School of Medicine.
Bridgeport Public Schools, Parent Aid Program.


Adolescent mothers and their children are at risk for a myriad of negative outcomes. This study examined risk and protective factors and their impact on a sample (N=172) of impoverished adolescent mothers. Multiple regression analyses revealed that depressed adolescent mothers report higher levels of parenting stress, and that their children are more at risk for maltreatment and are developmentally behind other babies. In addition, adolescent mothers with restricted social support have babies who are at higher risk for maltreatment. Finally, mothers who were older during pregnancy were more likely to stay in school. Implications for program development are discussed.


Adolescent parents; maternal depression; risk and protective factors; social support

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