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Nucleic Acids Res. 2015 Jan;43(Database issue):D413-22. doi: 10.1093/nar/gku1056. Epub 2014 Nov 5.

IMGT®, the international ImMunoGeneTics information system® 25 years on.

Author information

1
IMGT, the international ImMunoGeneTics information system, Université de Montpellier, Laboratoire d'ImmunoGénétique Moléculaire LIGM, UPR CNRS 1142, Institut de Génétique Humaine IGH, 141 rue de la Cardonille, Montpellier, 34396 cedex 5, France Marie-Paule.Lefranc@igh.cnrs.fr.
2
IMGT, the international ImMunoGeneTics information system, Université de Montpellier, Laboratoire d'ImmunoGénétique Moléculaire LIGM, UPR CNRS 1142, Institut de Génétique Humaine IGH, 141 rue de la Cardonille, Montpellier, 34396 cedex 5, France.
3
IMGT, the international ImMunoGeneTics information system, Université de Montpellier, Laboratoire d'ImmunoGénétique Moléculaire LIGM, UPR CNRS 1142, Institut de Génétique Humaine IGH, 141 rue de la Cardonille, Montpellier, 34396 cedex 5, France Sofia.Kossida@igh.cnrs.fr.

Abstract

IMGT(®), the international ImMunoGeneTics information system(®)(http://www.imgt.org) is the global reference in immunogenetics and immunoinformatics. By its creation in 1989 by Marie-Paule Lefranc (Université de Montpellier and CNRS), IMGT(®) marked the advent of immunoinformatics, which emerged at the interface between immunogenetics and bioinformatics. IMGT(®) is specialized in the immunoglobulins (IG) or antibodies, T cell receptors (TR), major histocompatibility (MH) and proteins of the IgSF and MhSF superfamilies. IMGT(®) is built on the IMGT-ONTOLOGY axioms and concepts, which bridged the gap between genes, sequences and 3D structures. The concepts include the IMGT(®) standardized keywords (identification), IMGT(®) standardized labels (description), IMGT(®) standardized nomenclature (classification), IMGT unique numbering and IMGT Colliers de Perles (numerotation). IMGT(®) comprises 7 databases, 17 online tools and 15,000 pages of web resources, and provides a high-quality and integrated system for analysis of the genomic and expressed IG and TR repertoire of the adaptive immune responses, including NGS high-throughput data. Tools and databases are used in basic, veterinary and medical research, in clinical applications (mutation analysis in leukemia and lymphoma) and in antibody engineering and humanization. The IMGT/mAb-DB interface was developed for therapeutic antibodies and fusion proteins for immunological applications (FPIA). IMGT(®) is freely available at http://www.imgt.org.

PMID:
25378316
PMCID:
PMC4383898
DOI:
10.1093/nar/gku1056
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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