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Eur J Immunol. 1989 Jan;19(1):185-8.

Functional expression of CD28 on T cell antigen receptor gamma/delta-bearing T lymphocytes.

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Becton Dickinson Monoclonal Center Inc., Mountain View, CA 94043.


T lymphocytes express a T cell antigen receptor (TcR) complex composed of either an TcR alpha/beta or TcR gamma/delta heterodimer in noncovalent association with the CD3 glycoproteins. CD28, a 44-kDa disulfide-linked homodimer, is present on the surface of the majority of TcR alpha/beta-bearing T lymphocytes. Monoclonal antibodies (mAb) directed against CD28 potentiate activation signals delivered through the CD3/TcR alpha/beta complex. Herein, we demonstrate that CD28 is expressed on approximately 40%-60% of TcR gamma/delta-bearing T lymphocytes in most donors. Anti-CD28 mAb substantially augmented proliferative signals delivered through the TcR gamma/delta, demonstrating the presence of functional CD28 molecules on TcR gamma/delta-bearing T lymphocytes. The majority of TcR gamma/delta+ thymocytes also expressed CD28.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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