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Phys Rev Lett. 2014 Oct 10;113(15):151601. Epub 2014 Oct 6.

Test of lepton universality using b+ → K+ℓ+ℓ- decays.

Aaij R, Adeva B, Adinolfi M, Affolder A, Ajaltouni Z, Akar S, Albrecht J, Alessio F, Alexander M, Ali S, Alkhazov G, Alvarez Cartelle P, Alves AA Jr, Amato S, Amerio S, Amhis Y, An L, Anderlini L, Anderson J, Andreassen R, Andreotti M, Andrews JE, Appleby RB, Aquines Gutierrez O, Archilli F, Artamonov A, Artuso M, Aslanides E, Auriemma G, Baalouch M, Bachmann S, Back JJ, Badalov A, Balagura V, Baldini W, Barlow RJ, Barschel C, Barsuk S, Barter W, Batozskaya V, Battista V, Bay A, Beaucourt L, Beddow J, Bedeschi F, Bediaga I, Belogurov S, Belous K, Belyaev I, Ben-Haim E, Bencivenni G, Benson S, Benton J, Berezhnoy A, Bernet R, Bettler MO, van Beuzekom M, Bien A, Bifani S, Bird T, Bizzeti A, Bjørnstad PM, Blake T, Blanc F, Blouw J, Blusk S, Bocci V, Bondar A, Bondar N, Bonivento W, Borghi S, Borgia A, Borsato M, Bowcock TJ, Bowen E, Bozzi C, Brambach T, van den Brand J, Bressieux J, Brett D, Britsch M, Britton T, Brodzicka J, Brook NH, Brown H, Bursche A, Busetto G, Buytaert J, Cadeddu S, 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Abstract

A measurement of the ratio of the branching fractions of the B(+) → K(+)μ(+)μ(-) and B(+) → K(+)e(+)e(-) decays is presented using proton-proton collision data, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 3.0 fb(-1), recorded with the LHCb experiment at center-of-mass energies of 7 and 8 TeV. The value of the ratio of branching fractions for the dilepton invariant mass squared range 1 < q(2) < 6 GeV(2)/c(4) is measured to be 0.745(-0.074)(+0.090)(stat) ± 0.036(syst). This value is the most precise measurement of the ratio of branching fractions to date and is compatible with the standard model prediction within 2.6 standard deviations.

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