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Nephron. 1989;51(3):350-4.

Effect of potassium depletion on ischemic renal failure.

Author information

1
Laboratório de Pesquisa Básica da Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo, Brasil.

Abstract

The present study was carried out to examine the effect of potassium depletion in rat kidneys subjected to a temporary ischemic event produced by clamping of left renal artery. The postischemic kidneys of rats on a normal diet with adequate potassium intake showed an increase in H2O, Na and K excretion, with no change in inulin clearance whereas significant differences were found in potassium-deprived rats. Potassium depletion was brought about by dietary K deprivation for 10 days. K-depleted rats (serum K = 2.5 +/- 0.1 mEq/l) had a decrease in inulin clearance of the postischemic kidney from 1.01 +/- 0.10 to 0.43 +/- 0.05 ml/min (p less than 0.01), and a greater increase in fractional excretion of H2O, Na and K when compared to normal rats. The postischemic kidney from both normal and hypokalemic rats showed a decrease in Na-K-ATPase of the inner stripe of the outer medulla. These data indicate that short-term ischemia produces polyuria, increases natriuresis and kaliuresis, associated, at least in part, with a decrease in Na-K-ATPase in the inner stripe of the outer medulla (probably the thick ascending limb of Henle) and that K depletion potentiates ischemic renal failure.

PMID:
2537474
DOI:
10.1159/000185321
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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