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Nanoscale. 2014 Dec 21;6(24):15161-7. doi: 10.1039/c4nr03942d. Epub 2014 Nov 6.

Magnetic resonance imaging of post-ischemic blood-brain barrier damage with PEGylated iron oxide nanoparticles.

Author information

1
Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Molecular and Functional Imaging, Department of Radiology, Medical School, Zhongda Hospital, Southeast University, No. 87, Dingjiaqiao, Nanjing 210009, China. gjteng@vip.sina.com.

Abstract

Blood-brain barrier (BBB) damage during ischemia may induce devastating consequences like cerebral edema and hemorrhagic transformation. This study presents a novel strategy for dynamically imaging of BBB damage with PEGylated supermagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIONs) as contrast agents. The employment of SPIONs as contrast agents made it possible to dynamically image the BBB permeability alterations and ischemic lesions simultaneously with T2-weighted MRI, and the monitoring could last up to 24 h with a single administration of PEGylated SPIONs in vivo. The ability of the PEGylated SPIONs to highlight BBB damage by MRI was demonstrated by the colocalization of PEGylated SPIONs with Gd-DTPA after intravenous injection of SPION-PEG/Gd-DTPA into a mouse. The immunohistochemical staining also confirmed the leakage of SPION-PEG from cerebral vessels into parenchyma. This study provides a novel and convenient route for imaging BBB alteration in the experimental ischemic stroke model.

PMID:
25374303
DOI:
10.1039/c4nr03942d
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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