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Cell Rep. 2014 Oct 23;9(2):504-13. doi: 10.1016/j.celrep.2014.09.024. Epub 2014 Oct 16.

Cdh5/VE-cadherin promotes endothelial cell interface elongation via cortical actin polymerization during angiogenic sprouting.

Author information

1
Biozentrum der Universität Basel, Klingelbergstrasse 70, 4056 Basel, Switzerland.
2
Biozentrum der Universität Basel, Klingelbergstrasse 70, 4056 Basel, Switzerland. Electronic address: markus.affolter@unibas.ch.
3
Biozentrum der Universität Basel, Klingelbergstrasse 70, 4056 Basel, Switzerland. Electronic address: heinz-georg.belting@unibas.ch.

Abstract

Organ morphogenesis requires the coordination of cell behaviors. Here, we have analyzed dynamic endothelial cell behaviors underlying sprouting angiogenesis in vivo. Two different mechanisms contribute to sprout outgrowth: tip cells show strong migratory behavior, whereas extension of the stalk is dependent upon cell elongation. To investigate the function of Cdh5 in sprout outgrowth, we generated null mutations in the zebrafish cdh5 gene, and we found that junctional remodeling and cell elongation are impaired in mutant embryos. The defects are associated with a disorganization of the actin cytoskeleton and cannot be rescued by expression of a truncated version of Cdh5. Finally, the defects in junctional remodeling can be phenocopied by pharmacological inhibition of actin polymerization, but not by inhibiting actin-myosin contractility. Taken together, our results support a model in which Cdh5 organizes junctional and cortical actin cytoskeletons, as well as provides structural support for polymerizing F-actin cables during endothelial cell elongation.

PMID:
25373898
DOI:
10.1016/j.celrep.2014.09.024
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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