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J ECT. 2015 Jun;31(2):125-8. doi: 10.1097/YCT.0000000000000197.

Acute electroconvulsive therapy followed by maintenance electroconvulsive therapy decreases hospital re-admission rates of older patients with severe mental illness.

Author information

1
From the *Abarbanel Mental Health Center, Bat-Yam; †Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv; and ‡Department of Psychology, Bar-Ilan University, Ramat-Gan, Israel.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is a highly effective treatment for patients with severe mental illness (SMI). Maintenance ECT (M-ECT) is required for many elderly patients experiencing severe recurrent forms of mood disorders, whereas M-ECT for schizophrenia patients is a poorly studied treatment. We report on the outcomes in aged patients with SMI: schizophrenia and severe affective disorders treated by M-ECT of varying duration to prevent relapse after a successful course of acute ECT. The study measured the effectiveness of M-ECT in preventing hospital readmissions and reducing admission days.

METHOD:

A retrospective chart review of 42 consecutive patients comparing the number and length of psychiatric admissions before and after the start of M-ECT was used. We analyzed diagnoses, previous ECT treatments, number of ECT treatments, and number and length of psychiatric admissions before and after M-ECT.

RESULTS:

Mean age in our sample was 71.5 (6.9) years. Twenty-two (52%) patients experienced severe affective disorders and 20 (48%) experienced schizophrenia. Patients were administered 92.8 (85.9) M-ECT treatments. Average duration of the M-ECT course was 34 (29.8) months. There were on average 1.88 admissions before M-ECT and only 0.38 admissions in the M-ECT period (P < 0.001). Duration of mean hospitalization stay decreased from 215.9 to 12.4 days during the M-ECT (P < 0.01).

CONCLUSIONS:

Our findings suggest that acute ECT followed by M-ECT is highly effective in selected elderly patients with SMIs.

PMID:
25373561
DOI:
10.1097/YCT.0000000000000197
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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