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J Enzyme Inhib Med Chem. 2015;30(4):586-91. doi: 10.3109/14756366.2014.956310. Epub 2014 Nov 6.

Carbonic anhydrase inhibitors: guaiacol and catechol derivatives effectively inhibit certain human carbonic anhydrase isoenzymes (hCA I, II, IX and XII).

Author information

1
Dipartimento di Chimica Ugo Schiff, Università degli Studi di Firenze , Florence , Italy .

Abstract

Carbonic anhydrases (CAs) are widespread metalloenzymes in higher vertebrates including humans. A series of phenolic compounds, including guaiacol, 4-methylguaiacol, 4-propylguaiacol, eugenol, isoeugenol, vanillin, syringaldehyde, catechol, 3-methyl catechol, 4-methyl catechol and 3-methoxy catechol were investigated for their inhibition of all the catalytically active mammalian isozymes of the Zn(2+)-containing CA (EC 4.2.1.1). All the phenolic compounds effectively inhibited human carbonic anhydrase isoenzymes (hCA I, II, IX and XII), with Kis in the range of 2.20-515.98 μM. The various isozymes showed diverse inhibition profiles. Among the tested phenolic derivatives, compounds 4-methyl catechol and 3-methoxy catechol showed potent activity as inhibitors of the tumour-associated transmembrane isoforms (hCA IX and XII) in the submicromolar range, with high selectivity. The results obtained from this research may lead to the design of more effective carbonic anhydrase isoenzyme inhibitors (CAIs) based on such phenolic compound scaffolds.

KEYWORDS:

Carbonic anhydrases; catechol derivatives; enzyme inhibition; guaiacol derivatives; isoenzymes

PMID:
25373500
DOI:
10.3109/14756366.2014.956310
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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