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J Appl Physiol (1985). 1989 Jan;66(1):190-4.

Intensity and duration of exercise effects on skeletal muscle cAMP, phosphorylase, and glycogen.

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Department of Physical Education, University of North Carolina, Greensboro 27412.


To gain further insights into the mechanisms regulating skeletal muscle glycogenolysis during exercise, glycogen, phosphorylase, and adenosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (cAMP) were determined in fast-twitch white (FTW) and fast-twitch red (FTR) muscle from groups of rats that ran for 0, 5, 10, 15, or 30 min at either 15 or 30 m/min. Glycogen degradation demonstrated an intensity and duration response in both fiber types. cAMP increased in both fiber types by 5 min and remained elevated at all times measured. FTW muscle cAMP levels were independent of both intensity and duration of exercise. FTR muscle cAMP levels were higher from 10 to 30 min at the 30-m/min intensity compared with the 15-m/min intensity. The ratio of the activity of phosphorylase in the presence of 2 mM AMP X 100 (phosphorylase a%) remained elevated at 20-22% independent of intensity and duration in FTW muscle; however, phosphorylase a% demonstrated an intensity and duration effect in FTR muscle. Glycogenolytic rates decreased with time, even though both cAMP and phosphorylase a% remained elevated in both fiber types. These data suggest that cAMP and phosphorylase a activation can be maintained during exercise in skeletal muscle but indicate a dissociation of these factors from glycogenolysis.

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