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Am J Health Promot. 2015 Sep-Oct;30(1):e41-9. doi: 10.4278/ajhp.130820-QUAN-436. Epub 2014 Nov 5.

Screening and Counseling for Tobacco Use in Student Health Clinics: Reports of Health Care Providers.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To assess tobacco screening and counseling in student health clinics, including facilitators, barriers, and associations with campus- and state-level variables.

DESIGN:

We conducted a mixed-methods study with an online survey and qualitative interviews.

SETTING:

Study setting was student health clinics on college campuses.

SUBJECTS:

Subjects included 71 clinic directors or designees from 10 Southeastern states (quantitative survey) and 8 directors or designees from 4 Southeastern states (qualitative interviews).

MEASURES:

Quantitative measures included demographics, screening and counseling practices, clinic-level supports for such practices, perceptions of tobacco on campus, institution size, public/private status, state tobacco farming revenue, and state tobacco control funding. Qualitative measures included barriers and facilitators of tobacco screening and counseling practices.

ANALYSIS:

Logistic and linear regression models assessed correlates of screening and counseling. Qualitative data were analyzed using multistage interpretive thematic analysis.

RESULTS:

A total of 55% of online survey respondents reported that their clinics screen for tobacco at every visit, whereas 80% reported their clinics offer counseling and pharmacotherapy. Barriers included lack of the following: time with patients, relevance to chief complaint, student self-identification as a tobacco user, access to pharmacotherapy, and interest in quitting among smokers. In multivariable models, more efforts to reduce tobacco use, student enrollment, and state-level cash receipts for tobacco were positively associated with clinic-level supports.

CONCLUSION:

This study highlights missed opportunities for screening. Although reports of counseling were higher, providers identified many barriers.

KEYWORDS:

College Tobacco; Health focus: smoking control; Manuscript format: research; Outcome measure: behavioral; Prevention Research; Research purpose: descriptive; Setting: clinical/health care; Strategy: policy change; Student Health; Study design: mixed-method; Target population age: college students and adults; Target population circumstances: education; Tobacco Cessation Counseling; Tobacco Cessation Screening

PMID:
25372237
PMCID:
PMC5669038
DOI:
10.4278/ajhp.130820-QUAN-436
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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