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Arch Pharm Res. 2015 Jun;38(6):1117-26. doi: 10.1007/s12272-014-0511-5. Epub 2014 Nov 5.

Anti-inflammatory effects of Dendrobium nobile derived phenanthrenes in LPS-stimulated murine macrophages.

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Department of Biology Education, College of Education, Chungbuk National University, Cheongju, Chungcheongbuk-Do, 361-763, Republic of Korea.


Dendrobium nobile belongs to the Orchidaceae family and is one of the medicinal herbs used in traditional Chinese medicine as a therapeutic agent for gastrointestinal and cardiovascular diseases. In this study, we separated three phenanthrenes (ephemeranthol A (EA), 1,5,7-trimethoxyphenanthren-2-ol (TP), dehydroorchinol (DO)) from D. nobile, and compared their anti-inflammatory activities. TP is a new phenanthrene compound and its structure was determined from (1)H, (13)C NMR and HR-ESI-MS data. To analyze the anti-inflammatory activities of the phenanthrenes, Raw 264.7 cells were used, since they are immature-macrophages and easily matured by LPS stimulation. EA and DO showed anti-inflammatory activities in the activated Raw 264.7 cells. That is, we showed that EA is a potent inhibitor of the production of nitric oxide and pro-inflammatory cytokines. The inhibitory activities of phenanthrenes were found to be caused by blockage of NF-κB activation and the phosphorylation of MAP kinases in the macrophages. These results are expected to serve as a guide for future studies on the ability of phenanthrenes to inhibit acute and chronic inflammatory diseases.

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