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Am J Physiol. 1989 Feb;256(2 Pt 2):H328-33.

Single cardiac sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+-release channel: activation by caffeine.

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Department of Biochemistry, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill 27599-7260.


Caffeine is thought to affect excitation-contraction coupling in cardiac muscle by activating the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) Ca2+-release channel. The effect of caffeine at the single channel level was studied by incorporating canine cardiac SR vesicles into planar lipid bilayers. Cardiac Ca2+-release channels were activated in a steady-state manner by millimolar cis-caffeine and displayed a unitary conductance (77 pS in 50 mM Ca2+ trans) similar to that previously observed for the Ca2+-activated cardiac channel. The caffeine-activated channel was moderately sensitive to the voltage applied across the bilayer, was sensitive to further activation by ATP, and was inhibited by Mg2+ and ruthenium red. Kinetic analysis showed that at low Ca2+ concentration, caffeine activated the channel by increasing the frequency and the duration of open events.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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