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J Virol. 1989 Mar;63(3):1232-8.

Regulated expression of the human cytomegalovirus pp65 gene: octamer sequence in the promoter is required for activation by viral gene products.

Author information

1
Department of Microbiology and Immunology, West Virginia University Health Sciences Center, Morgantown 26506.

Abstract

To better understand the regulation of late gene expression in human cytomegalovirus (CMV)-infected cells, we examined expression of the gene that codes for the 65-kilodalton lower-matrix phosphoprotein (pp65). Analysis of RNA isolated at 72 h from cells infected with CMV Towne or ts66, a DNA-negative temperature-sensitive mutant, supported the fact that pp65 is expressed at low levels prior to viral DNA replication but maximally expressed after the initiation of viral DNA replication. To investigate promoter activation in a transient expression assay, the pp65 promoter was cloned into the indicator plasmid containing the gene for chloramphenicol acetyltransferase (CAT). Transfection of the promoter-CAT construct and subsequent superinfection with CMV resulted in activation of the promoter at early times after infection. Cotransfection with plasmids capable of expressing immediate-early (IE) proteins demonstrated that the promoter was activated by IE proteins and that both IE regions 1 and 2 were necessary. Analysis of promoter deletion mutants indicated that the 5' minimal sequence required for activation is -61 from the CAP site (+1) and that an 8-base-pair sequence located at -51 to -58 is necessary for activation of the pp65 promoter. This sequence is repeated once at +93 and is found as an inverted repeat at +67. These studies suggest that interactions between IE proteins and this octamer sequence may be important for the regulation and expression of this CMV gene.

PMID:
2536831
PMCID:
PMC247819
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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