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J Bacteriol. 1989 Jan;171(1):16-23.

Site-specific integration in Streptomyces ambofaciens: localization of integration functions in S. ambofaciens plasmid pSAM2.

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Lilly Research Laboratories, Indianapolis, Indiana 46285.


In Streptomyces ambofaciens ATCC 15154, an 11.1-kilobase element, pSAM2, exists as a single integrated copy in the chromosome. In S. ambofaciens 3212 (a derivative of ATCC 15154), pSAM2 exists as a free, circular plasmid as well as an integrated element. BclI fragments from the free form of pSAM2 were cloned into an Escherichia coli plasmid vector. By using gene transplacement methods, the chromosomally integrated form of pSAM2 was marked with a gene coding for apramycin resistance. This enabled us to isolate both a segregant that had lost the integrated pSAM2 element and a cosmid clone containing integrated pSAM2 along with the flanking chromosomal sequences. One of the BclI fragments derived from free pSAM2 was shown to contain all the plasmid-specified information required to direct site-specific recombination in a derivative of S. ambofaciens lacking the resident pSAM2 element as well as in a number of other Streptomyces strains. The attachment sites used by the plasmid and the chromosome in site-specific recombination and the junctions created after integration were cloned and sequenced. Certain structural features in common with other integrating elements in actinomycetes were noted.

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