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Eur J Phys Rehabil Med. 2015 Oct;51(5):557-68. Epub 2014 Nov 4.

Ventilatory function during exercise in multiple sclerosis and impact of training intervention: cross-sectional and randomized controlled trial.

Author information

1
REVAL - Rehabilitation Research Center, BIOMED - Biomedical Research Center, Faculty of Medicine and Life Sciences, Hasselt University, Diepenbeek, Belgium - Dominique.hansen@uhasselt.be.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Patients with MS (pwMS) often experience resting ventilatory anomalies. Ventilatory function during exercise and impact of long-term training intervention remains however uncertain.

AIM:

The aim of this study was to examine the ventilatory function during exercise and impact of a 6-month training intervention in pwMS.

DESIGN:

Combination of a cross-sectional (part 1) and randomized controlled trial (part 2).

SETTING:

University rehabilitation facility.

POPULATION:

Caucasian patients with MS and healthy controls.

METHODS:

In part 1, the ventilatory function during submaximal endurance exercise was compared between pwMS (N.=37) and healthy participants (N.=15). In part 2, pwMS were then randomly assigned to a 6-month training intervention (N.=16) or usual care (N.=11). Following training intervention, ventilatory function during exercise was re-evaluated.

RESULTS:

Despite comparable relative exercise testing intensities between groups in part 1, significantly elevated steady-state exercise dead space/tidal volume ratio, O2 uptake and CO2 output equivalent, end-tidal O2 pressure, ratings of perceived exertion and lowered end-tidal CO2 pressure and O2 pulse was observed in pwMS (P<0.05). The degree of ventilatory dysfunction during exercise correlated significantly with ratings of perceived exertion and blood lactate content (P<0.05). In part 2, despite an improved exercise tolerance (based on reductions in heart rate, blood lactate content and ratings of perceived exertion during exercise at similar workload) after a 6-month training intervention, ventilatory dysfunction remained present during endurance exercise (P>0.05).

CONCLUSION:

Patients with MS experience a ventilatory dysfunction during endurance exercise, which is related to worse exercise tolerance. This ventilatory anomaly remains present after long-term training intervention.

CLINICAL REHABILITATION IMPACT:

Patients with MS experience ventilatory dysfunction during exercise. This dysfunction is related to exercise tolerance and ratings of perceived exertion. Long-term exercise training did not remediate this ventilatory dysfunction. The systematic examination of the pulmonary/cardiovascular system at rest and during exercise is recommended in MS.

PMID:
25366519
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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