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J Oral Maxillofac Pathol. 2014 Sep;18(Suppl 1):S117-20. doi: 10.4103/0973-029X.141321.

Update on the classification of hemangioma.

Author information

1
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology, MES Dental College, Perinthalmanna, Kerala, India.
2
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Mar Baselios Dental College, Kothamangalam, Kerala, India.

Abstract

Despite the fact that a biological classification of congenital vascular tumors and malformations was first published in 1982 by Mulliken and Glowacki, significant confusion still prevails due to the indiscriminate and interchangeable use of the terms hemangioma and vascular malformation. Hemangiomas are true neoplasms of endothelial cells and should be differentiated from vascular malformations which are localized defects of vascular morphogenesis. On an analysis of various scientific articles and latest edition of medical text books an inappropriate use of various terms for vascular lesions was found, contributing further towards the confusion. The widely accepted International Society for the Study of Vascular Anomalies (ISSVA) classification differentiates lesions with proliferative endothelium from lesions with structural anomalies and has been very helpful in standardizing the terminologies. In addition to overcoming obstacles in communication when describing a vascular lesion, it is important that we adhere to the correct terminology, as the therapeutic guidelines, management and follow-up of these lesions differ.

KEYWORDS:

Classification; congenital hemangioma; hemangioma; infantile hemangioma; international society for the study of vascular anomalies; vascular malformation

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