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Hum Genet. 1989 Jan;81(2):137-43.

Centromeric association and non-random distribution of centromeres in human tumour cells.

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Institut für Humangenetik der Universität Würzburg, Federal Republic of Germany.


Centromere arrangement in interphase and metaphase cells of two human tumour cell lines was analysed using anti-kinetochore antibodies as immunofluorescent probes. In GLC1 interphase nuclei, kinetochores were non-randomly positioned around the nucleolus and close to the nuclear membrane. During S and early G2 phase, necklace-like strands of kinetochores were formed in the centre of the nucleus. The duplication of sister kinetochores during the G2 phase was not synchronized. At late G2 phase, a relatively random topological distribution of centromeres was observed with short linear arrays of sister kinetochores. Carefully spread metaphase plates of MDA-MB231 cells generally exhibited a linear alignment of centromeres and large centromeric clusters. In completely pulverized MDA-MB231 cells, centromeres showed a strong tendency to associate with each other.

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