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High Alt Med Biol. 2014 Dec;15(4):468-71. doi: 10.1089/ham.2014.1034.

The splenic syndrome in individuals with sickle cell trait.

Author information

1
1 St. Vincent's Children's Hospital , Indianapolis, Indiana.

Abstract

The medical records of 25 individuals with sickle cell trait and altitude-associated splenic infarct, reported to two Colorado physicians, were reviewed. Electrospray mass spectroscopy was performed on blood samples from a cohort of 10 of the individuals to rapidly confirm beta hemoglobin phenotype. Only males were identified with a 1.4:1 ratio of non-African Americans to African Americans, and 44% of African Americans and 85% of non-African Americans were unaware they had sickle cell trait. Left upper quadrant pain and an elevated bilirubin were nearly uniformly present. Either abdominal CT or ultrasound was confirmatory. Conservative treatment at a lower altitude generally resulted in a favorable outcome.

KEYWORDS:

altitude; sickle cell; sickle cell trait; splenic infarction; splenic syndrome

PMID:
25361178
PMCID:
PMC4273194
DOI:
10.1089/ham.2014.1034
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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