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Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2014 Dec;26(12):1392-8. doi: 10.1097/MEG.0000000000000219.

Osteopathy decreases the severity of IBS-like symptoms associated with Crohn's disease in patients in remission.

Author information

1
aDepartment of Hepato-Gastroenterology and Oncology. Archet 2 Hospital, CHU of Nice, University of Nice Sophia Antipolis, 06202 Nice Cedex 03 bDepartment of Immunology and Biology, EA 6302 Immune Tolerance, Archet 1 Hospital, Univesrity of Nice Sophia Antipolis cATMAN Osteopathy Center, Sophia Antipolis, France.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Osteopathy may decrease the severity of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). About 35% of patients with quiescent Crohn's disease (CD) continue to suffer from IBS-like symptoms with impaired quality of life (Qol). We aimed to evaluate the effect of osteopathy on the severity of IBS-like symptoms in quiescent CD patients.

METHODS:

We prospectively included 38 patients with CD on remission over 12 months while receiving infliximab every 8 weeks. Patients were randomized 2/ 1 to receive three sessions of standardized osteopathy (n=25) at 15, 30, and 45 days after the last infusion of infliximab or simple follow-up. The severity of IBS-like symptoms, psychological factors, and its impact on Qol were assessed using questionnaires.

MAIN RESULTS:

Compared with baseline, the severity of IBS-like symptoms was significantly reduced in patients receiving osteopathy. The decrease was significantly more pronounced in patients receiving osteopathy at day 30 [-38.4 (-76.1 to 10.2) vs. 32.2 (-16.6 to 41.6), P=0.01], day 45 [-36.7 (-74.4 to 25.3) vs. 32.2 (-16.6 to 41.6), P=0.04], and day 60 [-39.5 (-60.9 to -9.2) vs. 6.1 (-38.7 to 28.5), P=0.05] with a concomitant increase in Qol (P=0.09 at day 30, P=0.02 at day 45, P=0.3 at day 60). Compared with baseline, the severity of fatigue was significantly reduced in patients receiving osteopathy, whereas depression and anxiety remained unchanged.

CONCLUSION:

Three sessions of osteopathy reduced the severity of IBS-like symptoms associated with CD in remission. Osteopathy should be viewed as a helpful therapeutic option to reduce the severity of abdominal pain and discomfort in patients with CD but in remission with IBS-like symptoms.

PMID:
25357218
DOI:
10.1097/MEG.0000000000000219
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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