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Proc Biol Sci. 2014 Dec 22;281(1797). pii: 20141382. doi: 10.1098/rspb.2014.1382.

Running with the Red Queen: the role of biotic conflicts in evolution.

Author information

1
Department of Biology, University of York, Wentworth Way, York YO10 5DD, UK michael.brockhurst@york.ac.uk.
2
School of Biological Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich Research Park, Norwich NR4 7TJ, UK.
3
Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford OX1 3PS, UK.
4
Department of Genetics, Evolution and Environment, University College London, London WC1E 6BT, UK.
5
Institute of Integrative Biology, University of Liverpool, Liverpool L69 7ZB, UK.

Abstract

What are the causes of natural selection? Over 40 years ago, Van Valen proposed the Red Queen hypothesis, which emphasized the primacy of biotic conflict over abiotic forces in driving selection. Species must continually evolve to survive in the face of their evolving enemies, yet on average their fitness remains unchanged. We define three modes of Red Queen coevolution to unify both fluctuating and directional selection within the Red Queen framework. Empirical evidence from natural interspecific antagonisms provides support for each of these modes of coevolution and suggests that they often operate simultaneously. We argue that understanding the evolutionary forces associated with interspecific interactions requires incorporation of a community framework, in which new interactions occur frequently. During their early phases, these newly established interactions are likely to drive fast evolution of both parties. We further argue that a more complete synthesis of Red Queen forces requires incorporation of the evolutionary conflicts within species that arise from sexual reproduction. Reciprocally, taking the Red Queen's perspective advances our understanding of the evolution of these intraspecific conflicts.

KEYWORDS:

Red Queen hypothesis; coevolution; sexual selection

PMID:
25355473
PMCID:
PMC4240979
DOI:
10.1098/rspb.2014.1382
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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