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J Vis Exp. 2014 Oct 11;(92):e51982. doi: 10.3791/51982.

Non-terminal blood sampling techniques in guinea pigs.

Author information

1
Department of Veterinary Disease Biology, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen.
2
Department of Veterinary Disease Biology, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen; jopl@sund.ku.dk.

Abstract

Guinea pigs possess several biological similarities to humans and are validated experimental animal models(1-3). However, the use of guinea pigs currently represents a relatively narrow area of research and descriptive data on specific methodology is correspondingly scarce. The anatomical features of guinea pigs are slightly different from other rodent models, hence modulation of sampling techniques to accommodate for species-specific differences, e.g., compared to mice and rats, are necessary to obtain sufficient and high quality samples. As both long and short term in vivo studies often require repeated blood sampling the choice of technique should be well considered in order to reduce stress and discomfort in the animals but also to ensure survival as well as compliance with requirements of sample size and accessibility. Venous blood samples can be obtained at a number of sites in guinea pigs e.g., the saphenous and jugular veins, each technique containing both advantages and disadvantages(4,5). Here, we present four different blood sampling techniques for either conscious or anaesthetized guinea pigs. The procedures are all non-terminal procedures provided that sample volumes and number of samples do not exceed guidelines for blood collection in laboratory animals(6). All the described methods have been thoroughly tested and applied for repeated in vivo blood sampling in studies within our research facility.

PMID:
25350490
PMCID:
PMC4540092
DOI:
10.3791/51982
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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