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Dev Dyn. 2015 Feb;244(2):110-21. doi: 10.1002/dvdy.24220. Epub 2014 Nov 12.

Successive recruitment of p-CDC25B-Ser351 and p-cyclin B1-Ser123 to centrosomes contributes to the release of mouse oocytes from prophase I arrest.

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Department of Biochemical and Molecular Biology, China Medical University, Shenyang, Liaoning Province, China.



The molecular mechanism that controls the activation of Cyclin B1-CDK1 complex has been widely investigated. It is generally believed that CDC25B acts as a "starter phosphatase" of mitosis. In this study, we investigate the sequential regulation of meiotic resumption by CDC25B and Cyclin B1 in mouse oocytes.


Injection of mRNAs coding for CDC25B-Ser351A and/or Cyclin B1-Ser123A shows a more potent maturation-inhibiting ability than their respective wild type. Co-injection of mRNAs coding for phosphor-mimic CDC25B-Ser351D and Cyclin B1-Ser123D can rescue this prophase I arrest induced by CDC25B-Ser351A or Cyclin B1-Ser123A. In addition, p-CDC25B-Ser351 is co-localized at the microtubule-organizing centers (MTOCs) with Aurora kinase A (AURKA) during maturation and p-Cyclin B1-Ser123 is only captured on MTOCs shortly before germinal vesicle breakdown (GVBD). Depletion of AURKA not only resulted in metaphase I (MI) spindle defects and anaphase I (AI) abnormal chromosomes separation but also prevented the phosphorylation of CDC25B-Ser351 at centrosomes. AURKA depletion induced deficiencies of spindle assembly and progression to MII can be rescued by CDC25B-Ser351D mRNA injection.


AURKA induced phosphorylation and recruitment of CDC25B to MTOCs prior to p-Cyclin B1-Ser123, and this sequential regulation is essential for the commitment of the oocytes to resume meiosis.


CDC25B; Cyclin B1; maturation-promoting factor; meiotic maturation; oocyte

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