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NMR Biomed. 1989 Jul;2(2):55-60.

The use of in vivo 2H NMR spectroscopy to investigate the effects of obesity and diabetes mellitus upon lipid metabolism in mice.

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Department of Chemistry, University of Queensland, St Lucia, Australia.


In vivo deuterium magnetic resonance spectroscopy was used to measure fat utilization rates in diabetic and non-diabetic obese and non-obese mice. Monosodium glutamate-treated mice were used as a model for obesity, and diabetes was induced by administration of streptozotocin. Deuterium levels were enhanced by addition of D2O to drinking water (10% v/v) for a period of 14 days. The deuterium magnetic resonance signals of the body water and adipose tissue were then monitored to measure the rate of deuterium loss from the body. The rates of fat utilization for obese mice were significantly lower (75%, p less than 0.05) (halflife, t1/2 = 113 +/- 13 days) than the rates for non-obese mice (t1/2 = 30.0 +/- 9.0 days). The induction of diabetes caused a large (90%) but proportionally similar increase in fat utilization for both groups of mice (obese, t1/2 = 11.0 +/- 5.2; non-obese, t1/2 = 3.0 +/- 0.9). The results suggest that the induction of diabetes in obese mice does not affect the utilization of fat as a metabolic fuel. These preliminary studies indicate that deuterium magnetic resonance spectroscopy may be a useful technique for non-invasive determination of the rates of fat utilization in vivo.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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