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Child Dev. 2015 Mar-Apr;86(2):394-406. doi: 10.1111/cdev.12297. Epub 2014 Oct 23.

Short-term second language and music training induces lasting functional brain changes in early childhood.

Author information

1
Rotman Research Institute.

Abstract

Immediate and lasting effects of music or second-language training were examined in early childhood using event-related potentials. Event-related potentials were recorded for French vowels and musical notes in a passive oddball paradigm in thirty-six 4- to 6-year-old children who received either French or music training. Following training, both groups showed enhanced late discriminative negativity (LDN) in their trained condition (music group-musical notes; French group-French vowels) and reduced LDN in the untrained condition. These changes reflect improved processing of relevant (trained) sounds, and an increased capacity to suppress irrelevant (untrained) sounds. After 1 year, training-induced brain changes persisted and new hemispheric changes appeared. Such results provide evidence for the lasting benefit of early intervention in young children.

PMID:
25346534
PMCID:
PMC4376572
DOI:
10.1111/cdev.12297
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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