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Biosci Biotechnol Biochem. 2015;79(2):218-22. doi: 10.1080/09168451.2014.972328. Epub 2014 Oct 27.

Induction of the Escherichia coli yijE gene expression by cystine.

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a Department of Frontier Bioscience and Research Center for Micro-Nano Technology , Hosei University , Koganei , Japan.


Cystine is formed from two molecules of the cysteine under oxidized conditions, but is reversibly converted to cysteine by reduction. Growth of Escherichia coli is retarded in the presence of excess cystine. Transcriptome analysis showed 11 up-regulated and 26 down-regulated genes upon exposure to excess cystine. The reporter assay confirmed regulation by cystine of the expression of one up-regulated membrane gene, yijE, and two down-regulated membrane genes, yhdT and yihN. In order to identify the as yet unidentified gene encoding cystine efflux transporter, the putative cystine efflux candidate, yijE gene, was over-expressed. Expression of the yijE gene suppressed the slow growth of E. coli in the presence of high concentration of extracellular cystine. In good agreement, the knock-out of yijE gene increased the sensibility to cystine. These observations altogether imply that the yijE gene is involved in response to cystine in E. coli.


Escherichia coli; cystine; cystine resistance; genome expression; yijE

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