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Zhong Yao Cai. 2014 Apr;37(4):640-4.

[Protective effect of rutin against oxidative injury in neuronal cells].

[Article in Chinese]

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To observe the protective effect of rutin (RUT) on neuronal cells against sodium nitroprusside (SNP) induced neurotoxicity.

METHODS:

PC12 cells were treated with different concentration of SNP for 24 h and MTT assay was applied to analyze the survival rate; PC12 cells were pretreated with rutin for 1 h, and then incubated for 24 h with SNP. MTT assay, morphological observation, as well as immunofluorescence were performed to evaluate both the SNP neurotoxicity and the protective effects of RUT, Western blot was used to analyzed the level of phosphorylated extra cellular regulated protein kinases (ERK1/2) after treatment with RUT, the results were also testified in primary cultured neurons.

RESULTS:

Results from MTT assay showed that SNP caused cell death in a concentration-dependent manner in PC12 cells. The effect of SNP was observed at 200 - 1 000 micromol/L and was significant at 800 micromol/L. 25 micromol/L rutin partly blocked the neurotoxicity of SNP by preventing PC12 cells from apoptosis. Hoechst and PI staining indicated that SNP treatment decreased the number of viable cells and induced shrinkage and aggregation of the nucleus, whereas RUT pretreatment attenuated the toxic effects of SNP, after treatment with RUT in PC12 cells, the phosphorylation of ERK1/2 was increased and peaked at 20 min. Most importantly, the protective effect of RUT on PC12 cells was confirmed on cultured neurons.

CONCLUSION:

RUT possesses protective effect against neuronal apoptosis induced by SNP and this effect may be partially related with ERK1/2 signaling.

PMID:
25345141
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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