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Adv Biomed Res. 2014 Sep 23;3:196. doi: 10.4103/2277-9175.140677. eCollection 2014.

The effect of pterygium surgery on wavefront analysis.

Author information

1
Department of Ophthalmology, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.
2
Department of Psychiatry, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Pterygium is a common disorder of the ocular surface. It causes vision impairment -usually irregular type astigmatism- through different mechanisms. In addition, it is believed that surgical excision of the pterygium improves visual problems. The appropriate method to investigate irregular astigmatism is using wavefront analysis. This study was aimed to evaluate wavefront analysis pre and post pterygium surgery.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

This study was performed on 32 patients who underwent surgical excision of pterygium in January 2012. Data were recorded and compared after pre and postoperative comprehensive ophthalmologic examinations including uncorrected and best corrected visual acuity, Orbscan, wavefront analysis and autorefraction to figure out the effects of surgery on different parameters.

RESULTS:

Comparison of pre and postoperative parameters showed that surgical treatment of the pterygium improves numerous parameters significantly including uncorrected and best corrected visual acuity, spherical and cylinder refractive error, higher order aberration, quadrafoil (Z440), corneal astigmatism and 3 and 5 mm central zone corneal irregularity (all P-values < 0.0001). In addition, it improves vertical coma (P:0.003) and secondary astigmatism (Z420) (P:0.004).

CONCLUSION:

It is concluded that surgical excision of the pterygium improves visual acuity, refractive errors and most of the corneal topographic indices and wavefront analysis parameters.

KEYWORDS:

Pterygium; irregular astigmatism; pterygium surgery; wavefront aberration; wavefront analysis

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