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Oman Med J. 2014 Sep;29(5):330-4. doi: 10.5001/omj.2014.89.

Effectiveness of topical curcumin for treatment of mastitis in breastfeeding women: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial.

Author information

1
Assistant Professor of Neonatology, Department of Public Health, School of Health and Nutrition, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.
2
Student Research Committee, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.
3
Resident of Neurosurgery, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences; Neuroscience Research Center, Chamran Hospital, Chamran Avenue, Shiraz, Iran. Postal Code: 7194815644.
4
Professor of Nephrology, Nephrology-Urology Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To determine the efficacy of topical curcumin in reducing breast inflammation in women suffering from lactational mastitis.

METHODS:

A randomized double-blind, placebo-controlled study including 63 breastfeeding women with lactational mastitis were randomly assigned to receive curcumin topical cream, one pump every 8 hours for 3 days (n=32) or topical moisturizer as placebo (n=31). Using an index for severity of breast inflammation, all of the patients had moderate breast inflammation before entering the study. The outcome of treatment was evaluated using the same index at 24, 48 and 72 hours of starting the treatment.

RESULTS:

There was no significant difference between two study groups regarding the baseline characteristics such as age (p=0.361) and duration of lactation (p=0.551). After 72-hour of therapy, patients in curcumin groups had significantly lower rate of moderate (p=0.019) and mild (p=0.002) mastitis. Patients in curcumin group had significantly lower scores for tension (p<0.001), erythema (p<0.001) and pain (p<0.001), after 72-hour of treatment.

CONCLUSION:

The results of the current study indicate that topical preparation of curcumin successfully decrease the markers of lactational mastitis such as pain, breast tension and erythema within 72 hours of administration without side effects. Thus, topical preparation of curcumin could be safely administered for those suffering from lactational mastitis after excluding infectious etiologies.

KEYWORDS:

Curcumin; Lactational Mastitis; Puerperal Mastitis; Turmeric

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