Format

Send to

Choose Destination
J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2015 Jan;22(1):121-31. doi: 10.1136/amiajnl-2014-002902. Epub 2014 Oct 21.

Functional evaluation of out-of-the-box text-mining tools for data-mining tasks.

Author information

1
Program in Biomedical Informatics, Stanford University, Stanford, California, USA.
2
Center for Biomedical Informatics Research, Stanford University, Stanford, California, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The trade-off between the speed and simplicity of dictionary-based term recognition and the richer linguistic information provided by more advanced natural language processing (NLP) is an area of active discussion in clinical informatics. In this paper, we quantify this trade-off among text processing systems that make different trade-offs between speed and linguistic understanding. We tested both types of systems in three clinical research tasks: phase IV safety profiling of a drug, learning adverse drug-drug interactions, and learning used-to-treat relationships between drugs and indications.

MATERIALS:

We first benchmarked the accuracy of the NCBO Annotator and REVEAL in a manually annotated, publically available dataset from the 2008 i2b2 Obesity Challenge. We then applied the NCBO Annotator and REVEAL to 9 million clinical notes from the Stanford Translational Research Integrated Database Environment (STRIDE) and used the resulting data for three research tasks.

RESULTS:

There is no significant difference between using the NCBO Annotator and REVEAL in the results of the three research tasks when using large datasets. In one subtask, REVEAL achieved higher sensitivity with smaller datasets.

CONCLUSIONS:

For a variety of tasks, employing simple term recognition methods instead of advanced NLP methods results in little or no impact on accuracy when using large datasets. Simpler dictionary-based methods have the advantage of scaling well to very large datasets. Promoting the use of simple, dictionary-based methods for population level analyses can advance adoption of NLP in practice.

KEYWORDS:

electronic health records; natural language processing; text mining

PMID:
25336595
PMCID:
PMC4433377
DOI:
10.1136/amiajnl-2014-002902
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Silverchair Information Systems Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center