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Nefrologia. 2014 Nov 17;34(6):724-31. doi: 10.3265/Nefrologia.pre2014.Sep.12405. Epub 2014 Oct 20.

Protective effect of adrenomedullin on contrast induced nephropathy in rats.

[Article in English, Spanish]

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND AIMS:

Contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) has a growing incidence in which renal vasoconstriction and medullary hypoxia are important mechanisms. Therapeutic approaches are very restricted and there is a considerable interest in advancing preventive strategies. Adrenomedullin is a relatively novel peptide having antioxidant, vasoactive and vasodilatory properties. We aimed to investigate whether adrenomedullin might have a preventive role against the development of experimental CIN.

METHODS:

Wistar albino rats (n=24) were allocated randomly into four equal groups of 6 each; Control (C), Adrenomedullin (A), Contrast Media (CM) and Adrenomedullin plus Contrast Media (ACM). All rats were deprived of water from day 1 to day 4 during 72 hours. Then, intravenous administrations of chemicals were performed. Adrenomedullin was given at dose of 12µg/kg to groups A and ACM. A single dose of high-osmolar contrast media; diatrizoate (Urografin 76%, Schering AG, Germany) was injected to groups CM and ACM at dose of 10mL/kg. On day 1 and 6 blood samples were drawn for renal function tests and inflammatory markers including TNF-α IL-1β, IL-6 and IL-18. After sacrification, kidney histologies were examined with hematoxylin-eosin staining.

RESULTS:

Compared to CM group, serum cystatin-C levels on 6th day were found significantly lower in ACM group (p<0.05). Additionally, daily protein excretion rates, absolute changes in daily urine output and creatinine clearance values were significantly lower in ACM group than those in CM group (p<0.05). In histopathological evaluation, regarding the degree of tubular damage and medullary congestion scores, ACM group had slightly better scores compared to CM group; however the differences did not reach significance as shown in inflammatory markers.

CONCLUSION:

This study demonstrated a beneficial impact of adrenomedullin on deteriorated renal function tests in an experimental CIN model. Adrenomedullin might be a candidate agent for prophylaxis of CIN. However, further studies are needed to shed more light on this issue.

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