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Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2015 Jul;47(7):1328-33. doi: 10.1249/MSS.0000000000000547.

Exercise Is Associated with a Reduction in Gestational Diabetes Mellitus.

Author information

1
1Physical Activity and Sport Science Faculty, Catholic University of Murcia (UCAM), Murcia, SPAIN; 2R. Samuel McLaughlin Foundation Exercise and Pregnancy Lab, School of Kinesiology, The University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, CANADA; 3Gynecology and Obstetric Department of Puerta de Hierro University Hospital, Madrid, SPAIN; 4Gynecology and Obstetric Department of Torrelodones University Hospital, Madrid, SPAIN; and 5Physical Activity and Sport Science Faculty (INEF), Technical University of Madrid, Madrid, SPAIN.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

The objective of this study is to assess the effectiveness of a maternal exercise program (land/aquatic activities, both aerobic and muscular conditioning) in preventing gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM).

METHODS:

Three hundred and forty-two pregnant women from Spain (age, 33.24 ± 4.3 yr) without obstetric contraindications were recruited for a clinical randomized controlled trial. The intervention group (IG, n = 101) exercised for 60 and 50 min on land and in water, respectively, three times per week. The control group (n = 156) received usual standard care.

RESULTS:

The prevalence of GDM was reduced in the IG group (IG, 1%, n = 1, vs control group, 8.8%, n = 13 (χ1 = 6.84, P = 0.009)) with a significant risk estimate (odds ratio = 0.103; 95% confidence interval, 0.013-0.803).

CONCLUSION:

The exercise program performed during pregnancy reduced the prevalence of GDM by preserving glucose tolerance.

TRIAL REGISTRATION:

ClinicalTrials.gov NCT01790412.

PMID:
25333246
DOI:
10.1249/MSS.0000000000000547
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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