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Endocrinol Diabetes Metab Case Rep. 2014;2014:140072. doi: 10.1530/EDM-14-0072. Epub 2014 Sep 1.

One year remission of type 1 diabetes mellitus in a patient treated with sitagliptin.

Author information

1
Departamento de Ciencias Fisiológicas , Universidad de Oriente , Ciudad Bolívar , Venezuela ; Unidad de Endocrinología, Diabetes, Metabolismo y Nutrición , Anexo A. Centro Médico Orinoco , Avenida Siegart, Ciudad Bolívar, 8001 Venezuela.
2
Departamento de Medicina , Hospital Vargas , Caracas , Venezuela.
3
Centro Médico El Valle , Porlamar , Venezuela.
4
Servicio de Genética Médica , Universidad de Oriente , Ciudad Bolívar , Venezuela.
5
Children's Hospital Oakland Research Institute , Oakland, California , USA.
6
Departments of Paediatrics and Human Genetics , McGill University Health Centre , Montreal, Quebec , Canada.

Abstract

Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) is a chronic disease characterized by the autoimmune destruction of pancreatic β-cells. This paper describes the case of a 19-year-old male patient who presented with glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD) antibody positive and diabetic ketoacidosis, which mandated intensive insulin treatment. Once the ketoacidosis was controlled, an oral dose of 100 mg of sitagliptin was administered once a day. Ketoacidosis was managed by insulin and insulin daily requirement began to dwindle after one month, until its complete withdrawal at 8 weeks, when partial remission was reached. The patient has now remained on sitagliptin treatment alone for a year, without requiring insulin. The benefit observed with this medication is possibly associated with its immunological effects. Inhibition of dipeptidyl peptidase 4 in animal models deregulates the Th1 immune response, increases secretion of Th2 cytokines, activates CD4+CD25+FoxP3+ regulatory T-cells, and prevents IL17 production.

LEARNING POINTS:

The use of insulin-dose-adjusted HbA1c constitutes the best way to define partial remission in T1DM patients.The use of sitagliptin in T1DM patients could help to decrease daily requirement of insulin by delaying β-cell loss and improving endogenous insulin production.The determination of antibodies against insulin, islet cells, and GAD permits differentiation of T1DM patients from those with atypical or ketosis-prone diabetes.

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