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J Gen Microbiol. 1989 Jun;135(6):1479-87.

Cepabactin from Pseudomonas cepacia, a new type of siderophore.

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Institut de Biologie Moléculaire et Cellulaire du Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Strasbourg, France.


In iron-deficient conditions of growth Pseudomonas cepacia ATCC 25416 excreted both pyochelin and a low-molecular-mass compound which strongly chelated iron(III), and facilitated iron translocation as demonstrated by growth and uptake experiments. The name cepabactin is proposed for this new siderophore. Comparisons of UV-visible spectra and chromatographic behaviour, together with 1H-NMR spectra, led to the conclusion that cepabactin is 1-hydroxy-5-methoxy-6-methyl-2(1H)-pyridinone, a compound which can be considered as a cyclic hydroxamate, but also as a heterocyclic analogue of catechol. This pyridinone has already been described by other workers as an antibiotic produced by Pseudomonas alcaligenes, and by a soil isolate closely related to Pseudomonas cepacia. Thus, cepabactin appears to act as a siderophore for more than one species of non-fluorescent pseudomonad.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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