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Ann Gastroenterol. 2014;27(4):387-394.

The hepatoprotective and hypolipidemic effects of Spirulina (Arthrospira platensis) supplementation in a Cretan population with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease: a prospective pilot study.

Author information

1
Department of Internal Medicine, Naval Hospital of Crete, Chania (Elias E. Mazokopakis, Dimitrios A. Kotsiris, Ioannis M. Lampadakis), Crete, Greece ; Department of Internal Medicine, University Hospital of Heraklion (Elias E. Mazokopakis, Emmanuel S. Ganotakis), Crete, Greece.
2
Department of Sciences, Technical University of Crete, Chania (Maria G. Papadomanolaki), Crete, Greece.
3
Department of Radiology, Naval Hospital of Crete, Chania (Andreas A. Fousteris), Crete, Greece.
4
Department of Internal Medicine, Naval Hospital of Crete, Chania (Elias E. Mazokopakis, Dimitrios A. Kotsiris, Ioannis M. Lampadakis), Crete, Greece.
5
Department of Internal Medicine, University Hospital of Heraklion (Elias E. Mazokopakis, Emmanuel S. Ganotakis), Crete, Greece.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

A pilot study was conducted to determine the effects of Spirulina (Arthrospira platensis) on Cretan patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Spirulina is a filamentous cyanobacterium taken as a dietary supplement.

METHODS:

Fifteen adult Cretan outpatients (13 men), median age 48 (range: 29-62) years, with NAFLD were orally supplemented with 6 g of Spirulina (Greek production) per day for six months. Anthropometric characteristics (height, weight, waist circumference), systolic and diastolic blood pressure, complete blood count, biochemical assessments, homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) index, health-related quality of life and abdominal sonographic findings were recorded and measured, before and after Spirulina supplementation.

RESULTS:

At the end of the 6-month intervention period, the mean levels of aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase, gamma-glutamyltransferase, triglycerides, low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol, total cholesterol, and the ratio of total cholesterol to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol were significantly decreased: 38.5%, 37.5%, 26.7%, 24.8%, 9.6%, 9.1%, and 13.5% respectively, whereas the mean levels of high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol and hemoglobin were significantly increased: 4.2% and 4.1% respectively. Spirulina supplementation resulted also in a significant reduction in weight and HOMA-IR index (8.1% and 19.6% respectively) and a significant improvement in health-related quality of life scale. No changes in sonographic findings were observed.

CONCLUSION:

Spirulina supplementation at a high dosage of 6 g daily in NAFLD patients has strong and multiple beneficial metabolic effects and improves their health-related quality of life.

KEYWORDS:

Arthrospira; NAFLD; lipids; liver; spirulina; steatosis

PMID:
25331487
PMCID:
PMC4188938

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