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J Assoc Physicians India. 2014 Jan;62(1 Suppl):35-42.

Understanding the safety of the new ultra long acting basal insulin.

Abstract

Hypoglycaemia is a key safety concern in diabetes management. It is potentially dangerous and the fear of hypoglycaemia may lead to sub-optimal dosing and inadequate glycaemic control. On the other hand, hypoglycaemia may generate adverse effects and disease complications, will compromise the quality of life and will substantially increase the economic burden of treatment budged. Today, treat to target clinical trial designs are mandate for clinical development of any newer anti-diabetic medication. While similar glycaemic targets are expected to be achieved by test and comparator, the newer molecules are definitely expected to show advantage over standard comparator in terms of reduction in frequency and severity of hypoglycaemia. An ultra-long acting basal analogue insulin degludec (IDeg), has been recently approved for the treatment of type 2 and type 1 diabetes mellitus (T2DM and T1DM). The pooled patient-level data for self-reported hypoglycaemia from seven phase 3a trials with IDeg has shown significantly lower episodes of nocturnal confirmed and numerical low overall confirmed hypoglycaemia with IDeg, compared to Insulin glargine (IGlar), which was more pronounced during maintenance phase of treatment in all populations. The most plausible explanation being that, the flat peakless profile of IDeg with least glycaemic variability leads to less hypoglycaemia and adds to the safety profile of this ultra-long acting insulin. The real life practice will further validate the findings of clinical trials.

PMID:
25330630
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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