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Inorg Chem. 2014 Nov 3;53(21):11438-46. doi: 10.1021/ic5012082. Epub 2014 Oct 20.

Transition-metal complexes containing parent phosphine or phosphinyl ligands and their use as precursors for phosphide nanoparticles.

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1
Institut für Anorganische Chemie, Universität Regensburg , Universitätsstrasse 31, Regensburg, D-93053 Germany.

Abstract

P-H functional transition-metal complexes were synthesized without using hazardous PH3 gas in good yields by photolysis of the transition-metal carbonyl complexes M(CO)(6-x) (M = Cr, W, Fe; x = 0, 1) in tetrahydrofuran followed by reaction with P2(SiMe3)4 and subsequent methanolysis to give the bridging complexes [(CO)(x)M(μ-PH2)]2 (M = Fe, x = 3 (1), M = Cr, x = 4 (2a), M = W, x = 4 (2b)). The photolysis of [(CO)4M(μ-PH2)]2 (M = Cr (2a), M = W (2b)) with P(SiMe3)3 was applied followed by methanolysis to synthesize the PH2 bridging transition-metal binuclear complexes with terminal PH3 groups. The products [(CO)4M(μ-PH2)2M(CO)3(PH3)] (M = Cr (3a), M = W (3b)) and [(CO)4W(μ-PH2)2W(CO)2(PH3)2] (4b) were isolated in moderate yield. Another synthetic approach to this type of compounds is the direct photolysis of the complexes [(CO)3M(PH3)3] (M = Cr (5a), M = W (5b)). The products were comprehensively characterized by (31)P NMR and IR spectroscopy as well as by X-ray structural analysis. Additionally, the relevancy of 2a as single source precursor for the synthesis of stoichiometry-controlled CrP nanoparticles has been demonstrated.

PMID:
25329878
DOI:
10.1021/ic5012082

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