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Obesity (Silver Spring). 2015 Jan;23(1):170-6. doi: 10.1002/oby.20927. Epub 2014 Oct 18.

Juice and water intake in infancy and later beverage intake and adiposity: could juice be a gateway drink?

Author information

1
Division of Adolescent Medicine, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, USA; Department of Pediatrics, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA; Department of Environmental Health Sciences, University of Michigan School of Public Health, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To examine the tracking and significance of beverage consumption in infancy and childhood.

METHODS:

Among 1163 children in Project Viva, we examined associations of fruit juice and water intake at 1 year (0 oz, 1-7 oz [small], 8-15 oz [medium], and ≥16 oz [large]) with juice and sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) intake and BMI z-score during early (median 3.1 years) and mid-childhood (median 7.7 years).

RESULTS:

In covariate adjusted models, juice intake at 1 year was associated with greater juice and SSB intake during early and mid-childhood and also greater adiposity. Children who drank medium and large amounts of juice at 1 year had higher BMI z-scores during both early (medium: β = 0.16 [95% CI = 0.01-0.32]; large: β = 0.28 [95% CI = 0.01-0.56]) and mid-childhood (medium: β = 0.23 [95% CI = 0.07-0.39]; large: β = 0.36 [95% CI = 0.08-0.64]). After covariate adjustment, associations between water intake at 1 year and beverage intake and adiposity later in childhood were null.

CONCLUSIONS:

Higher juice intake at 1 year was associated with higher juice intake, SSB intake, and BMI z-score during early and mid-childhood. Assessing juice intake during infancy could provide clinicians with important data regarding future unhealthy beverage habits and excess adiposity during childhood.

PMID:
25328160
PMCID:
PMC4276519
DOI:
10.1002/oby.20927
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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