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Pediatr Surg Int. 2015 Jan;31(1):45-51. doi: 10.1007/s00383-014-3625-4. Epub 2014 Oct 18.

Does pneumoperitoneum adversely affect growth, development and liver function in biliary atresia patients after laparoscopic portoenterostomy?

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Department of Pediatric General and Urogenital Surgery, Juntendo University School of Medicine, 2-1-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, 113-8421, Japan.



We assessed the effect of high partial pressure of arterial carbon dioxide (PaCO2) due to pneumoperitoneum (PP) on growth (height/weight) and development (gross/fine motor function, receptive/expressive communication, and social interaction), by comparing outcome after portoenterostomy (PE) for biliary atresia (BA) using laparoscopic PE (LPE: n = 13) and open PE (OPE: n = 13) cases performed between 2005 and 2014.


Our PE is based on Kasai's original PE. All data were collated prospectively.


Differences in duration of follow-up (LPE: 38.8 months; OPE: 38.1 months), jaundice clearance (LPE: 12/13 = 92.3 %; OPE: 9/13 = 69.2 %), survival with the native liver (LPE: 10/13 = 76.9 %; OPE: 9/13 = 69.2 %), incidence of cholangitis, hypersplenism, and incidence of esophageal varices were not significant. Mean intraoperative PaCO2 was significantly higher in LPE (LPE: 50.1 mmHg; OPE: 40.7 mmHg, p < 0.05). Liver function impairment was not statistically different, although LPE results were slightly worse. There was no overall delay in growth observed, although height/weight gain was more consistent in LPE. The pattern of developmental delay observed was similar for LPE and OPE suggesting that developmental delay is not PE-related; in other words, PP is not implicated in developmental delay.


PP during LPE would appear to have no adverse effects on overall growth/development and liver function in BA patients.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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