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BMC Gastroenterol. 2014 Oct 15;14:179. doi: 10.1186/1471-230X-14-179.

Occurrence of Helicobacter pylori and Epstein-Barr virus infection in endoscopic and gastric cancer patients from Northern Brazil.

Author information

1
Laboratório de Citogenética Humana, Instituto de Ciências Biológicas, Universidade Federal do Pará, Rua Augusto Corrêa, 01 - Guamá, CEP 66075-110, Caixa postal 479, Belém, PA, Brasil. carolrosalts@gmail.com.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Helicobacter pylori (HP) and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) have been associated with cancer development. We evaluated the prevalence of HP, HP CagA+ and EBV infection in gastric cancer (GC) samples from adults and in gastric tissues from patients who underwent upper endoscopy (UE).

METHODS:

Samples from UE and GC were collected to investigate the presence of HP infection and the HP virulence factor CagA by a urease test and PCR. The presence of EBV was detected by Eber-1 in situ hybridization.

RESULTS:

In UE, 85.5% of juvenile patients showed some degree of gastritis (45.3% of patients with mild gastritis and 54.7% with moderate/severe gastritis) and patients with mild gastritis were younger than patients with moderate/severe gastritis. Among adults, 48.7% presented mild gastritis and 51.3% moderate/severe gastritis. HP infection was detected in 0% of normal mucosa, 58.5% of juvenile gastritis patients, 69.2% of adult gastritis patients and 88% of GC patients. In these same groups, HP CagA+ was detected in 0%, 37.7%, 61.5% and 67.2% of tissue samples, respectively. In juvenile patients, HP infection was more common in those with gastritis than in normal samples (p = 0.004). The patients with either HP or HP CagA+ were older than patients without these pathogens (p < 0.05). In juvenile patients, HP infection was more frequent in cases of moderate/severe gastritis than in cases of mild gastritis (p = 0.026). Moreover, in patients with GC, HP infection was more frequent in males than in females (p = 0.023). GC patients with HP CagA+ were older than patients with HP CagA- (p = 0.027). HP CagA+ was more common in intestinal-type than diffuse-type GC (p = 0.012). HP CagA+ was also associated with lymph-node (p = 0.024) and distal (p = 0.005) metastasis. No association between EBV infection and HP infection or any clinicopathological variable was detected.

CONCLUSIONS:

Our results suggest that HP is involved in the pathophysiology of severe gastric lesions and in the development of GC, particularly when CagA+ is present. EBV was not the primary pathogenic factor in our samples.

PMID:
25318991
PMCID:
PMC4286945
DOI:
10.1186/1471-230X-14-179
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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