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J Nutr Educ Behav. 2015 Jan-Feb;47(1):99-103. doi: 10.1016/j.jneb.2014.08.013. Epub 2014 Oct 12.

A survey of university students' vitamin D-related knowledge.

Author information

1
Faculty of Health Sciences, Western University, London, Ontario, Canada.
2
Faculty of Health Sciences, Western University, London, Ontario, Canada. Electronic address: jenirwin@uwo.ca.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To survey Canadian university students' vitamin D-related knowledge.

METHODS:

Undergraduate university students (n = 1,088) were surveyed as to their vitamin D-related knowledge, including its sources, health benefits, and recommended intake.

RESULTS:

Overall, students answered 29% of questions correctly on the knowledge test. In addition, the overall test was subdivided into 3 subtests, and students scored 26% on vitamin D source knowledge, 23% on factors affecting vitamin D levels, and 37% on health effects of vitamin D. Only 8% of participants correctly identified the recommended vitamin D intake; 14% correctly identified the amount of time in the sun required to produce adequate vitamin D.

CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS:

These results suggest that Canadian university students have poor knowledge concerning vitamin D. Program planners should consider improving vitamin D knowledge as a component of future health promotion programs for university students.

KEYWORDS:

health promotion program development; knowledge assessment; university students; vitamin D

PMID:
25316655
DOI:
10.1016/j.jneb.2014.08.013
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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