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Br J Haematol. 2015 Feb;168(4):583-97. doi: 10.1111/bjh.13164. Epub 2014 Oct 14.

MIR144 and MIR451 regulate human erythropoiesis via RAB14.

Author information

1
Departments of Physiology and Pediatrics, Center for Stem Cell Biology & Regenerative Medicine, Greenebaum Cancer Center, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA.

Abstract

Expression levels of MIR144 and MIR451 increase during erythropoiesis, a pattern that is conserved from zebrafish to humans. As these two miRs are expressed from the same polycistronic transcript, we manipulated MIR144 and MIR451 in human erythroid cells individually and together to investigate their effects on human erythropoiesis. Inhibition of endogenous human MIR451 resulted in decreased numbers of erythroid (CD71(hi) CD235a(hi) CD34(-) ) cells, consistent with prior studies in zebrafish and mice. In addition, inhibition of MIR144 impaired human erythroid differentiation, unlike in zebrafish and mouse studies where the functional effect of MIR144 on erythropoiesis was minimal. In this study, we found RAB14 is a direct target of both MIR144 and MIR451. As MIR144 and MIR451 expression increased during human erythropoiesis, RAB14 protein expression decreased. Enforced RAB14 expression phenocopied the effect of MIR144 and/or MIR451 depletion, whereas shRNA-mediated RAB14 knockdown protected cells from MIR144 and/or MIR451 depletion-mediated erythropoietic inhibition. RAB14 knockdown increased the frequency and number of erythroid cells, increased β-haemoglobin expression, and decreased CBFA2T3 expression during human erythropoiesis. In summary, we utilized MIR144 and MIR451 to identify RAB14 as a novel physiological inhibitor of human erythropoiesis.

KEYWORDS:

MIR144; MIR451; RAB14; erythropoietic inhibitor; human erythropoiesis

PMID:
25312678
PMCID:
PMC4314389
DOI:
10.1111/bjh.13164
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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