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Int J Psychophysiol. 2014 Dec;94(3):351-7. doi: 10.1016/j.ijpsycho.2014.10.003. Epub 2014 Oct 13.

Effects of menstrual cycle and neuroticism on females' emotion regulation.

Author information

1
Beijing Key Lab of Applied Experimental Psychology, School of Psychology, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China; Research Center of Emotion Regulation, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China.
2
Beijing Key Lab of Applied Experimental Psychology, School of Psychology, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China; State Key Laboratory of Cognitive Neuroscience and Learning & IDG/McGovern Institute for Brain Research, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China; Department of Psychology, School of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210023, China; Research Center of Emotion Regulation, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China. Electronic address: rlzhou@nju.edu.cn.

Abstract

Fifteen highly neurotic women and 21 women who were low in neuroticism participated in this study. The women were surveyed three times over a single menstrual cycle during the mid-late luteal, menstrual, and late follicular phases. Each time, the participants were asked to use reappraisal to regulate their emotions, which were evoked by a sad film clip, and their subjective emotional experiences and physiological responses were recorded. The results showed that neuroticism had no impact on emotion regulation, and the females experienced fluctuations in their emotion regulation success over their menstrual cycle. During the menstrual phase, women reported significantly higher levels of reappraisal, but subjective sadness did not differ throughout the three phases. Additionally, the regulation effects on galvanic skin response (GSR) were smaller during the menstrual phase than in the mid-late luteal phase. These results suggested that women in the menstrual phase expended more effort but gained less success at regulating their emotions.

KEYWORDS:

Emotion regulation; Menstrual cycle; Neuroticism; Reappraisal

PMID:
25312202
DOI:
10.1016/j.ijpsycho.2014.10.003
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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