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Asian Pac J Trop Med. 2014 Sep;7S1:S521-6. doi: 10.1016/S1995-7645(14)60284-4.

Antioxidant lipoxygenase inhibitors from the leaf extracts of Simmondsia chinensis.

Author information

1
Pharmacognosy Department, College of Pharmacy, King Saud University, Riyadh 11451, P. O. Box 2457, Saudi Arabia; Pharmacognosy Department, Faculty of Pharmacy, Assiut University, Assiut 71526, Egypt. Electronic address: wabdelmageed@ksu.edu.sa.
2
Pharmacognosy Department, Faculty of Pharmacy, Assiut University, Assiut 71526, Egypt.
3
Pharmaceutical Technology Centre, College of Pharmacy, King Saud University, Riyadh 11451, P. O. Box 2457, Saudi Arabia.
4
Department of Pharmaceutics, College of Pharmacy, King Saud University, Riyadh 11451, P. O. Box 2457, Saudi Arabia.
5
Biochemistry Department, College of Science, King Saud University, Riyadh 11451, Saudi Arabia.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To isolate and identify chemical constituents with antioxidant and lipoxygenase inhibitory effects of the ethanolic extract of Simmondsia chinensis (Jojoba) leaves.

METHODS:

The alcoholic extract was subjected to successive solvent fractionation. The antioxidant active fractions (chloroform, ethyl acetate and aqueous fractions) were subjected to a combination of different chromatographic techniques guided by the antioxidant assay with DPPH. The structures of the isolated compounds were elucidated on the basis of spectroscopic evidences and correlated with known compounds. The antioxidant activity was assessed quantitively using DPPH and β-carotene methods. The inhibitory potential against enzyme lipoxygenase was assessed on soybean lipoxygenase enzyme.

RESULTS:

Ten flavonoids and four lignans were isolated. Flavonoid aglycones showed stronger antioxidant and lipoxygenase inhibitory effects than their glycosides. Lignoid glycosides showed moderate to weak antioxidant and lipoxygenase inhibitory effects.

CONCLUSIONS:

A total of 14 compounds were isolated and identified from Simmondsia chinensis; 12 of them were isolated for the first time. This is the first report that highlights deeply on the phenolic content of jojoba and their potential biological activities and shows the importance of this plant as a good source of phenolics in particular the flavonoid content.

KEYWORDS:

Antioxidant; Flavonoids; Jojoba; Lignans; Lipoxygenase inhibitors; Simmondsia chinensis

PMID:
25312177
DOI:
10.1016/S1995-7645(14)60284-4
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