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Asian Pac J Trop Med. 2014 Sep;7S1:S22-8. doi: 10.1016/S1995-7645(14)60199-1.

The chemical composition, botanical characteristic and biological activities of Borago officinalis: a review.

Author information

1
Medical Plants Research Center, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Shahrekord, Iran.
2
Razi Herbal Medicines Research Center, Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, Khorramabad, Iran.
3
Medical Plants Research Center, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Shahrekord, Iran. Electronic address: rafieian@yahoo.com.

Abstract

Borage (Borago officinalis) is an annual herb which is cultivated for medicinal and culinary uses, although it is commercially cultivated for borage seed oil. Borage seed oil is the plant rich in the gamma-linolenic acid (26%-38%) which is used as dietary or food supplement. Other than seed oil it contains a lot of fatty acids such as linoleic acid (35%-38%), oleic acid (16%-20%), palmitic acid (10%-11%), stearic acid (3.5%-4.5%), eicosenoic acid (3.5%-5.5%) and erucic acid (1.5%-3.5%). It is used for the treatment of various diseases such as multiple sclerosis, diabetes, heart diseases, arthritis and eczema. In this study different aspects of borage such as plant characteristics, production, applications in traditional medicine, clinical considerations, its effects on patients' blood and urine biochemistry, and also the effect of the its products on liver and kidney performance tests are presented using published articles in scientific sites.

KEYWORDS:

Antioxidants; Borage; Botanical characteristics; Linolenic acid; Pharmacognosy

PMID:
25312125
DOI:
10.1016/S1995-7645(14)60199-1
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