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Eur Spine J. 2015 Jan;24(1):127-35. doi: 10.1007/s00586-014-3605-3. Epub 2014 Oct 12.

The severity of operative invasion to the posterior muscular-ligament complex influences cervical sagittal balance after open-door laminoplasty.

Author information

1
Orthopaedic Department, Peking University Third Hospital, 49 North Garden Street, Haidian District, Beijing, 100191, China.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

The aim of this study was to investigate how the severity of operative invasion to the posterior muscular-ligament complex impacts postoperative cervical sagittal balance.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Ninety cases of open-door expansive laminoplasty due to cervical spondylotic myelopathy were reviewed. Fifty-three patients underwent laminoplasty with unilateral preservation of the muscular-ligament complex (unilateral elevation group). Thirty-seven patients underwent traditional open-door laminoplasty (bilateral elevation group). Preoperative and postoperative cervical sagittal parameters, including C2-C7 sagittal vertical axis (SVA), C0-2 Cobb angle and T1 slope, were compared. The cervical curvature, range of motion (ROM) and JOA score were also compared.

RESULTS:

The average follow-up time was 16.7 months (range 3-40 months). C2-C7 SVA significantly increased in the bilateral elevation group (+4.9 mm, P = 0.005) but remained unchanged in the unilateral elevation group (-0.2 mm, P = 0.414). The C0-2 Cobb angle increased in both groups (+4.1°, P < 0.001; +2.5°, P = 0.002). The T1 slope also increased in both groups (+1.1°, P = 0.015; +0.7°, P = 0.042). The postoperative C3-C7 curvature significantly decreased in the bilateral elevation group (-4.1°, P < 0.001). The C3-C7 ROM decreased in both groups (-17.9°, P < 0.001; -15.1°, P < 0.001). C2-C7 SVA was positively correlated with the T1 slope (Pearson = 0.468, P < 0.001) and negatively correlated with the C3-C7 curvature (Pearson = -0.322, P = 0.001). The C0-2 Cobb angle was positively correlated with C2-C7 SVA (Pearson = 0.303, P = 0.004) and negatively correlated with the C3-C7 curvature (Pearson = -0.362, P < 0.001). There was no significant between-group difference in the JOA improvement rate.

CONCLUSIONS:

Open-door laminoplasty significantly affected postoperative cervical sagittal balance, with the cervical vertebra appearing to tilt forward. As the severity of surgical invasion to the posterior muscular-ligament complex increased, the loss of cervical sagittal balance also increased.

PMID:
25307698
DOI:
10.1007/s00586-014-3605-3
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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