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Mol Oncol. 2015 Feb;9(2):365-76. doi: 10.1016/j.molonc.2014.09.006. Epub 2014 Sep 26.

Small molecule growth inhibitors of human oncogenic gammaherpesvirus infected B-cells.

Author information

1
Department of Microbiology and Tumor Virology Program of the Abramson Cancer Center, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, PA, USA.
2
Department of Microbiology and Tumor Virology Program of the Abramson Cancer Center, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, PA, USA. Electronic address: erle@upenn.edu.

Abstract

Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) and Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) are two human gammaherpesviruses associated with a broad spectrum of B-cell lymphomas, most acutely in immuno-compromised populations. However, there are no drugs which specifically target KSHV or EBV-associated lymphomas. To identify small molecules which selectively inhibit the growth of EBV or KSHV-associated B-cell lines, we performed a fluorescence based high-throughput screen on multiple stable GFP expressing virus-infected or uninfected B-cell lines. We identified 40 initial compounds with selective growth inhibition and subsequently determined the 50% growth inhibitory concentrations (GI50) for each drug. We further examined compounds with higher specificity to explore the underlying molecular mechanisms using transcription factor analysis, as well as a shRNA based knockdown strategy. Our data identified ten compounds with relatively high efficacy for growth inhibition. Two novel small molecules, NSC#10010 and NSC#65381 were potent growth inhibitors for gammaherpesvirus-associated B-lymphomas through activation of both the NF-κB and c-Myc-mediated signaling pathways. These drugs can serve as potential lead compounds to expand the current therapeutic window against EBV or KSHV-associated human B-cell malignancies.

KEYWORDS:

EBV; High throughput drug screening; KSHV; Lymphoma

PMID:
25306391
PMCID:
PMC4305020
DOI:
10.1016/j.molonc.2014.09.006
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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