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J Anxiety Disord. 2014 Dec;28(8):823-9. doi: 10.1016/j.janxdis.2014.09.005. Epub 2014 Sep 16.

Associations between anxiety disorders, suicide ideation, and age in nationally representative samples of Canadian and American adults.

Author information

1
Department of Psychiatry, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada; Department of Psychology, Stanford University, Stanford, United States. Electronic address: sraposo@stanford.edu.
2
Department of Psychology, University of Manitoba, P404 Duff Roblin Building, 190 Dysart Road, Winnipeg, Manitoba R3T 2N2, Canada.
3
Departments of Psychiatry, Psychology, and Community Health Sciences, University of Manitoba, PsycHealth Centre, PZ433-771 Bannatyne Avenue, Winnipeg, Manitoba R3E 3N4, Canada.

Abstract

Suicidal behaviors are of significant concern for the individuals displaying such behavior and for service providers who encounter them. Using nationally representative samples of Canadian and American adults, we aimed to examine: whether age moderates the relationship between having any anxiety disorder and suicide ideation (SI), the prevalence of SI among younger and older adults, and whether age and individual anxiety disorders were differentially associated with SI. Age moderated the relationship between any anxiety disorder and SI among Americans only. Past-year SI was less prevalent among older, compared to younger, adults; though, nearly every anxiety disorder was associated with increased odds of SI among younger and older Canadian and American adults after controlling for covariates. Effect sizes were particularly large for older American adults, but were coupled with large confidence intervals. Findings contribute to a growing literature suggesting that SI in the context of anxiety is a highly prevalent and complex mental health problem across the adult lifespan.

KEYWORDS:

Aging; Anxiety disorder; Cross-national; Epidemiology; Suicide

PMID:
25306089
DOI:
10.1016/j.janxdis.2014.09.005
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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